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Trigeminal neuralgia


Trigeminal neuralgia:



It is a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal nerve, which carries sensation from your face to your brain. If you have trigeminal neuralgia, even mild stimulation of your face — such as from brushing your teeth or putting on makeup — may trigger a jolt of excruciating pain.

You may initially experience short, mild attacks, but trigeminal neuralgia can progress, causing longer, more frequent bouts of searing pain. Trigeminal neuralgia affects women more often than men, and it's more likely to occur in people who are older than 50.
Bouts of pain lasting from a few seconds to several seconds
Episodes of several attacks lasting days, weeks, months or longer —some people have periods when they experience no pain.


Treatment
-Anticonvulsant, antiseizure or antispasmodic drug are helpful. These medicines change how nerves transmit information, or how the nerves “fire.” That is why they can help with the pain caused by trigeminal neuralgia. Examples of these medicines include baclofen, carbamazepine, clonazepam, gabapentin, lamotrigine, oxcarbazepine, phenytoin, topiramate and valproic acid.
Certain types of antidepressants can also be useful in the treatment of pain associated with trigeminal neuralgia.
-Antidepressants alter the chemical action in your brain that leads to sensing pain. Some examples include amitriptyline, paroxetine.
And surgery..

Saadia
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