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HEC NTS Result 4 Nov 2012

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The Higher Education Commission (HEC), formerly the University Grant Commission, is the primary regulator of higher education in Pakistan. InPakistan, up till 2002, Universities were recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC) which draws its powers from The University Grants Commission Act, 1974. The Act was repealed in 2002 by the Higher Education Commission Ordinance, 2002[1] and since then, Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (HEC) is responsible for higher education policy, quality assurance, degree recognition, development of new institutions and uplift of existing institutions in Pakistan. It also facilitated the development of higher educational system in Pakistan. Its main purpose was to upgrade universities in Pakistan to be centres of education, research and development.[citation needed]

The HEC has played a leading role towards building a knowledge based economy in Pakistan by giving out hundreds of doctoral scholarships for education abroad every year. Dr. Javaid Laghari is the last incumbent appointed HEC Chairman.[2]

HEC's autonomous status was revoked and it was brought under the control of the Ministry of Professional and Technical Training in June 2012.[3][4]but the Honourable Sindh High Court suspended on 18.07.2012 the Notification dated 08.06.2012 whereby the HEC was placed under the auspices ofMinistry of Professional and Technical Training


Contents [hide]
1 Programs and projects
2 Divisions
3 Praise of higher education reforms
4 Achievements
5 Video conferencing
6 See also
7 References
8 Further reading
9 External links

[edit]Programs and projects

HEC main programs are following:
Faculty development
Curriculum revision
Higher education infrastructure development
Indigenous scholarships[5][6]
Foreign scholarships[7][8]
Patent filing support[9]
Conference travel grants[10]
Increase industry and university research collaboration
Developing new technology parks
[edit]Divisions

Following are the main divisions of HEC which are running its business:
Human Resource Management Division (incumbent head, Mr. Awais Ahmed, Director General)
Human Resource Development Division (incumbent head, Prof. Dr. Riaz Qureshi, Adviser)
Attestation & Accreditation Division (incumbent head, Mr. Fida Hussain, Director General)
Curriculum Division
Academics Division (incumbent head, Mr. Muhammad Anees Sadozai, Director General)
Quality Assurance Division (incumbent head, Ms. Zia Batool, Director General) (See list of recognized accreditation bodies)
Administration and Coordination Division (incumbent head, Mr. Dr. Muhammad Mazhar Saeed, Director General)
Legal Cell (incumbent head, Mr. Hafiz Akeel Ahmed, Law Officer)
Research & Development Division (incumbent head, Mr. Dr. Muhammad Mazhar Saeed, Director General)
Learning & Innovation Division (incumbent head, Ms Noor Amina Malik, Director General)
Planning Division
Services Division (incumbent head, Mr. Farman Ullah Anjum, Director General)
[edit]Praise of higher education reforms

There has been much praise of the higher education reforms under the leadership of Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman,FRS, its former Chairman. Pakistan has also been given a number of prestigious international awards for the remarkable transformation of the higher education sector.

Prof. Wolfgang Voelter (Tübingen University, Germany) in his article in Pakistan's leading Daily Newspaper Dawn entitled "The Golden Age" writes "A miracle happened. The scenario of education, science and technology in Pakistan changed dramatically, as never before in the history of Pakistan. The chairperson of the Senate Standing Committee on Education recently announced it as "Pakistan's golden period in higher education".[11]

A US educational expert Prof. Fred M. Hayward has also praised the reform process undertaken by Pakistan: "Since 2002 a number of extraordinary changes have taken place. Over the last six years almost 4,000 scholars have participated in PhD programs in Pakistan. More than 600 students have studied in foreign PhD programs. The Higher Education Commission instituted major upgrades for laboratories and information and communications technology, rehabilitation of facilities, expansion of research support, and development of one of the best digital libraries in the region. A quality assurance and accreditation process was also established. Its successes have been remarkable as the recurrent and development budgets increased 340 percent in real terms from 2001 to 2005/06. By 2008, as a result of its policy and financial successes, most universities had become strong proponents of the Higher Education Commission.Quality had increased significantly, and several institutions were on their way to becoming world-class institutions. Many expatriate Pakistanis returned from abroad with access to competitive salaries. About 95 percent of people sent abroad for training returned, an unusually high result for a developing country in response to improved salaries and working conditions at universities as well as bonding and strict follow-up by the commission, Fulbright, and others."[12]

Prof. Michael Rode, Former Chairman of the United Nations Commission on Science, Technology and Development and presently heading a Network of European and Asian Universities (ASIA-UNINET) writes: "The progress made was breath-taking and has put Pakistan ahead of comparable countries in numerous aspects. To name just a few, the establishment of a free access to scientific literature by high-speed Internet for all universities, the thousands of promising young scientists who were granted PhD studies at top universities abroad, the upgrade of research equipment accessible across the country and the programme of establishing new universities of science and technology, including technology parks attracting foreign investors, prove the efficiency and the long-term benefits for the country enabled by the HEC's chairman.The United Nations Commission on Science and Technology has closely monitored the development in Pakistan in the past years, coming to the unanimous conclusion that Prof Rahman’s policy and programme is a 'best-practice' example for developing countries aiming at building their human resources and establishing an innovative, technology-based economy."[13]

Pakistan has won four international awards for the revolutionary changes in the higher education sector brought about under the leadership of Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman, Chairman (Federal Minister), Higher Education Commission. The TWAS (Academy of Sciences for the Developing World, Italy)Award for Institutional Development was conferred on Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman at the 11th General Conference of TWAS in October 2009.."[14] The Austrian Government conferred its high civil award "Grosse Goldene Ehrenzeischen am Bande" (2007) on Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman for transforming the Higher Education sector in Pakistan.[citation needed] Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman was also elected as Fellow of Royal Society (London)(2006)[15] and Honorary Life Fellow of Kings College, Cambridge University (2007)[16] in recognition of his academic contributions as well as his services to the higher education sector in Pakistan.

Nature, a leading science journal,has also written a number of editorials and articles about the transformation brought about in Pakistan in the higher education sector under he leadership of Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman, former Chairman (Federal Minister), Higher Education Commission.

In an article entitled "Pak Threat to Indian Science" published in the leading daily newspaper Hindustan Times, India, it has been reported that Prof. C.N.R. Rao, Chairman of the Indian Prime Minister's Scientific Advisory Council made a presentation to the Indian Prime Minister at the rapid progress made by Pakistan in the higher education sector under the leadership of Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman, Chairman, Higher Education Commission. It was reported that as result of the reforms brought about in Pakistan " Pakistan may soon join China in giving India serious competition in science". "Science is a lucrative profession in Pakistan. It has tripled the salaries of its scientists in the last few years."[17]
[edit]Achievements

The creation of HEC has had a positive impact on higher education in Pakistan.
Established the finest Digital Library in Pakistan: Every student in every public sector university today has access to 45,000 textbooks research monographs from 220 international publishers as well as to 25,000 international research journals - regarded as one of the best digital libraries anywhere in the world.[18][19]
Tripled University enrollment from 135,000 in the year 2003 to 400,000 in 2008.[20]
Promoted research, resulting in huge expansion of international research publications from Pakistan from only 600 research papers /yr in 2003 to 4300 research papers in 2008.
During the 56 year period (1947–2003) not a single Pakistani university could be ranked among the top 600 universities in the world. Today 2 Pakistani universities ranked among top 200 World’s Technology Universities.[21][22]
Four year undergraduate program introduced so that our degrees are internationally recognized.[citation needed]
About 5000 Ph.D. level scholarships awarded for study in technologically advanced countries (largest program in developing world) and some 3,000 indigenous Ph.D. scholarships have been awarded. The world’s largest Fulbright Scholarship program (US $ 150 million) launched with joint funding (HEC/USAID).[citation needed]
Fifty one new universities and degree awarding institutes and 18 campuses of existing universities established during (2003–2008).[23]
Sending 1000 Pakistani students to study medicine in Cuba[24] and doing their best to register their degrees by PMDC and soon will send a delegation of members of PMDC,HEC and MNAs
[edit]Video conferencing

Amongst the objectives of this project a primary objective of introduction of Video Conferencing facility is to enhance students teachers interaction through distance learning, bridge the gap of good faculty, meet the shortage of faculty members at the universities located at far-flung areas and ultimately to uplift the standard of education in Pakistan. HEC aims to give Pakistan a bright future through a young, qualified and energetic generation.[citation needed]

In the 1st phase starting September 2006 eminent scholars from Pakistan will deliver interactive lectures on various topics and recorded lectures from foreign universities will be broadcasted. The lectures delivered/broadcasted will be aimed to develop fundamental concepts, to enhance the critical thinking for under-graduate and graduate students and to discuss cutting edge technologies/research work in the fields of modern sciences for students and faculty members. In the 2nd stage interactive lectures from foreign universities will be arranged. Nobel Laureates/Eminent scientists/researchers will be invited to deliver lectures to share their knowledge/research work. This program will continue and the remaining 32 universities in 2nd phase will become part of the program.

Currently there are more than 65 sites which are operational all over Pakistan and availing this facility for conducting lectures, meetings and other events etc.
[edit]See also
List of universities in Pakistan
Pakistan Academy of Sciences
[edit]References

^ "HEC Ordinance, 2002" (PDF). Retrieved 11 January 2012.
^ Dr Javaid R Laghari appointed HEC Chairman, The Nation, 27 August 2009, retrieved 11 January 2012
^ "HEC loses autonomy". Dawn. 2012-06-12. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
^ "Budget cuts: University staff observes nationwide black day". The Express Tribune. 2012-06-26. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
^ Indigenous scholarships, HEC, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ Indigenous scholarships, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ Foreign scholarships, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ Foreign scholarships, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ Foreign scholarships, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ Conference travel grants, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ Voelter, Wolfgang. "The golden period". Dawn ePaper. The golden period, The Dawn, retrieved 20 March 2010
^ Hayward, Fred M. (Winter 2009). Higher Education Transformation in Pakistan: Political & Economic Instability, International Higher Education Quarterly (54), retrieved 20 March 2010
^ Rode, Bernd Michael. Letter from Chairman/European Coordinator of ASEA-UNINET published in DAWN today, DildilpakistanWordpress, retrieved 10 March 2010
^ TWAS Awards First Regional Prizes for Scientific Institution Building, retrieved 10 March 2010
^ New Fellows - 2006, royalsociety.org, retrieved 10 March 2010
^ TWAS News archive 2007, kings.cam.ac, 26 December 2007, retrieved 10 March 2010
^ Pak threat to Indian science, Hindustan Times, 23 July 2006, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ Digital Library, HEC, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ HEC– National Digital Library Program – Home Page, digitallibrary, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ Higher Education Commission of Pakistan, World Defence Network, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ Two Pakistani universities ranked among top 200 World’s Technology Universities, The Dawn, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ Two Pakistani universities ranked among top 200 World’s Technology Universities, World Defence Network, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ 'Devolution of HEC may fan provincialism', The Dawn, retrieved 19 March 2012
^ 1000 Scholarships for studies in General Comprehensive Medicine in Cuba, HEC, retrieved 19 March 2012
[edit]Further reading
"The paradox of Pakistan". Nature 450 (7170): 585–200. 2007. doi:10.1038/450585a. PMID 18046348. edit
doi:0.1038/461874c
"After Musharraf.". Nature 454 (7208): 1030–2008. 2008. doi:10.1038/4541030a. PMID 18756204. edit
Osama, A.; Najam, A.; Kassim-Lakha, S.; Zulfiqar Gilani, S.; King, C. (2009). "Pakistan's reform experiment". Nature 461 (7260): 38–39. doi:10.1038/461038a. PMID 19727184.
"Cash costs.". Nature 461 (7260): 11–12. 2009. doi:10.1038/461011b. PMID 19727158. edit
[edit]External links
Official Website
HEC's Ranking of Universities in Pakistan
HEC University Rankings (alternative link)
Pakistan Education and Research Network (PERN)
Higher Education Commission's diploma mill alert page
Higher Education Commission's - Video Conferencing Page

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